Many gang members have already been smashed by the state – when they were children

“They’d lock them up in the isolation cells in an octagonal building with eight cells. The kids would be put in those isolation cells for anything up to three months. Some of them had mental health issues anyway and it was enough to send them around the twist. It was just a horrible environment.”

What was obvious to Workman was that the vast majority of the residents were Māori. He says the rapid urbanisation of Māori around this period meant they were targeted simply for being different. He recalls being lined up with his colleagues as a young cop and told they weren’t meeting their quota of arrests and they needed to up their numbers. He says it was almost inevitable Māori ended up targeted.