Efforts to use the immune system to treat brain cancer

Cancer treatments that work by engaging the immune system to attack tumors have proven to be effective against a growing number of cancers. One notable exception thus far, however, has been brain cancer, including glioblastoma, the most common type of brain cancer in adults.

Despite continued efforts over several decades to develop new therapies for glioblastoma, none has appreciably improved how long patients live. Most people with this type of brain cancer, in fact, survive for less than 2 years.

Researchers who study glioblastoma have been hopeful that immunotherapy might be able to succeed where other therapies have not. And in laboratory studies and human clinical trials, they are leaving no immunotherapy stone unturned.

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