The Vatican issued tougher, comprehensive laws Friday governing the sexual abuse of minors within the Vatican City State, Vatican offices and its diplomatic embassies abroad.https://edition.cnn.com/2019/03/29/europe/vatican-sexual-abuse-minors-new-laws-intl/index.html
Pope Francis personally signed off on the new legislation that includes mandatory reporting of potential sexual abuse cases to Vatican authorities and the automatic dismissal of any employee found guilty of sexual abuse against minors.
The new laws also raise the statute of limitations for reporting a crime to 20 years following the 18th birthday of an alleged victim. The previous law was four years from the date of the alleged crime.
The move comes in the wake of the Vatican’s unprecedented summit last month in Rome to confront the Catholic Church’s clergy abuse scandal.
New Zealand : Crimes Act 1961
131B Meeting young person following sexual grooming, etchttp://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1961/0043/122.0/DLM329200.html
Every person is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 7 years if,—
having met or communicated with a person under the age of 16 years (the young person) on an earlier occasion, he or she takes one of the following actions:
intentionally meets the young person:
travels with the intention of meeting the young person:
arranges for or persuades the young person to travel with the intention of meeting him or her; and
at the time of taking the action, he or she intends—
to take in respect of the young person an action that, if taken in New Zealand, would be an offence against this Part, or against any of paragraphs (a)(i), (d)(i), (e)(i), (f)(i), of section 98AA(1); or
that the young person should do on him or her an act the doing of which would, if he or she permitted it to be done in New Zealand, be an offence against this Part on his or her part.
A reference in this section to a young person under the age of 16 years or the young person includes a reference to a constable who pretends to be a young person under the age of 16 years (the fictitious young person) if the offender, when taking any of the actions described in subsection (1), believed that the fictitious young person was a young person under the age of 16 years.
It is a defence to a charge under subsection (1) if the person charged proves that,—
before the time he or she took the action concerned, he or she had taken reasonable steps to find out whether the young person was of or over the age of 16 years; and
at the time he or she took the action concerned, he or she believed on reasonable grounds that the young person was of or over the age of 16 years.