Our review found that a number of common factors appear to catalyze the change process in therapy, allowing profound changes to occur, often within a matter of months. These effective ingredients include:
Active Engagement – The use of a supportive helping relationship to encourage and sustain focused change efforts and promote an environment of hope and optimism;
Discrepancy – The ability of the therapy to provide powerful emotional experiences that disrupt old patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior and promote the exploration of new patterns;
Consolidation – The ongoing reinforcement and rehearsal of the new patterns so that these become internalized as fresh parts of the self.